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20/20 Visions

Urban Design Group Event: Charrettes – best practice for 21st Century Placemaking

Urban Design Group Event

Charrettes – best practice for 21st Century Placemaking

Wednesday 06 March, 6:15pm to 8:30pm
JTP, Unit 5, The Rum Warehouse, Pennington Street, Wapping, E1W 2AP

Jane Jacobs famously wrote: “Cities have the capability of providing something for everybody, only because, and only when, they are created by everybody.” But how can communities most effectively participate in shaping the places they call home?

Chaired by Charles Campion, author of 20/20 Visions: Collaborative Planning & Placemaking this event will bring together four speakers highly experienced in Charrette and community engagement processes.

Evening programme:
6.15 Arrival
6.30 Welcome and introduction by Charles Campion, JTP
6.40 Individual presentations by panellists
7.30 Panel discussion & Q&A
8.00 Informal conversations and networking
8.30 Close

First conceived in the United States in the fifties and mainstreamed by the American Institute of Architects R/UDAT programme in the sixties, hundreds if not thousands of co-design Charrettes processes have subsequently been held around the world to bring communities genuinely into the heart of planning and placemaking. Despite the demonstrable benefits, there are still many architects and planners who lack the confidence and expertise to collaborate with the public effectively.

Considering these critical issues will be four speakers including Lynne Ceeney, Lytton Consulting; Nick Taylor, The Piece Hall, Halifax, and; Husam AlWaer, Senior Lecturer at University of Dundee.

For more information please visit: www.udg.org.uk/events/charrettes-best-practice-21st-century-placemaking

Auroville: A Way Forward Charrette

“An open and collaborative spirit prevailed during the workshops.  People commented that new voices were being heard.”

Auroville was founded in 1968 by the spiritual leader Mirra Alfassa, the Mother, outside Pondicherry, Southern India as a universal town where men and women of all countries could live in peace and progressive harmony above all creeds, all politics and all nationalities.

Much progress has been made over the last 50 years, including the environmental restoration of the land, and more remains to be done to develop Auroville and raise the population up towards the 50,000 inhabitants originally envisioned.

Beginning on 7 January 2019, Auroville’s town planning and development research organisation l’Avenir and an international team led by Andreas von Zadow facilitated the “Auroville: A Way Forward” charrette to work out baselines for Auroville’s next decades and develop a Way Forward Strategy reflecting on:

  • Mother Mirra Alfassa’s vision and unlocking its potential
  • Fresh ideas for healthy and sustainable placemaking
  • Challenges of decision making within a unique self-governance concept
  • Capacity building at l‘Avenir to improve services and outputs

The charrette team included:
Von Zadow International
JTP
Dreiseitl Consulting
Eble Messerschmidt Partner

Charrette team member Clare San Martin from JTP tells the story below.

Auroville’s January co-design sessions were an opportunity for the community to consider the difficult issues that have stalled growth and development in recent years and to explore ideas for the way forward. I was privileged to participate as part of the international team facilitating workshops and presenting our work. Over the 7 days of the Charrette I got to know many inspirational people committed to realising the utopian dream of The Mother, the city’s founder.

Over 130 people attended the workshops with a dedicated core of around 60 people participating in all sessions and continuing to work with the visiting team right up to the final presentation, in the true spirit of a charrette.

Much has been achieved in the 50 years since Auroville’s founding. The Matrimandir, a huge, gold-clad meditation centre set in lush gardens, has been built at the centre of the planned city. Large areas of forest have been re-established to halt soil erosion and people have built their lives around a community centred, eco-friendly lifestyle with a focus on unending education. But Aurovillians complained of a growing lack of unity since the completion of the great project of the Matrimandir which bound them together with a common purpose.

Workshops focused on how to re-establish unity as well as; how to address the pressing issue of water shortage through landscape design; potentially re-casting the city plan to reflect more environmentally friendly building types; integrating small scale agriculture; developing education including links with international universities; developing a better tourism strategy, and; widening participation in planning, particularly amongst younger people. There was also much discussion about the need for Auroville to work more closely with the Tamil villages in the bioregion to jointly tackle issues such as water conservation, ground pollution and transport.

A major success of the sessions was consensus on a pilot project to create a shared recreational green space for Tamils and Aurovillians as well as addressing a number of other issues. A concept design developed during the ‘Hands on Planning’ co-design sessions demonstrated how an integrated approach could allow the Tamils to sustainably expand their village, incorporate water management and create a sustainable transport circuit using electric vehicles to benefit tourists and residents alike.

An open and collaborative spirit prevailed during the workshops.  People commented that new voices were being heard. Honest and sometimes uncomfortable discussions took place, which seemed to move towards unblocking the way to progress, but the issues are complex and only time will tell whether the seeds planted at the January sessions will take root and flourish. I will certainly keep in touch and be willing to follow up with advice if asked.

 

Charles Campion, author of 20/20 Visions, to speak at Dundee University on Wed 20 February 2019

The Association of Dundee Architecture Students (ADAS) in partnership with The Academy of Urbanism, RTPI Scotland & University of Dundee & JTP kindly invite you to the following event:

CHARRETTES: COMBINING PROFESSIONAL SKILLS WITH REAL LIVES & EMOTIONS

“Just as the act of voting is a right, it is inherently democratic to bring people genuinely to the heart of planning and placemaking.”
20/20 Visions: Collaborative Planning & Placemaking (RIBA Publishing, 2018)

Charles Campion RIBA AoU, a Partner at JTP Architects, Masterplanners & Placemakers, joins ADAS to give an exclusive talk on the importance of charrette processes and the involvement of the community in placemaking and urban design. Followed by a Q&A facilitated by Craig McLaren, Director of RTPI Scotland.

Date: Wednesday 20 February 2019

Time: 5pm-7pm
5pm Drinks Reception
5:30pm Talk with Charles Campion
6:30pm Q&A with Director of RTPI Scotland, Craig McLaren

Location: LT 5018
Matthew Building, 13 Perth Road, University of Dundee.

This event is FREE.
Ticket must be acquired for entry.

For tickets and more information, please see link below or click the poster to download:

https://fixr.co/event/346509443

Santa Fe Railyard Revitalisation

The remarkable story of how the local community shaped and delivered the revitalisation of Santa Fe Railyard to create a new “living room for the community” is told in 20/20 Visions. Below, architect Gayla Bechtol, one of the key movers behind the process, has penned a short review of 20/20 Visions.

“Charles Campion’s book 20/20 Visions: Collaborative & Placemaking not only includes the Santa Fe Railyard but also 19 other case studies that used democratic design principles as the basis for successful design in community. This is a critical read and timely exposition given the climate and housing changes every town and city faces, no matter the size. Here in Santa Fe we have an excellent example of democratic design. We need to use the wisdom gained in our community for the issues facing us today using collaborative planning and charrettes. Collaboration is critical as we move forward.”

You can see and hear more from Gayla and others involved by viewing this beautiful and moving short film from AIA Communities by Design here.

Charrette to plan way forward for Auroville, India: Monday 7 – Tuesday 13 January 2019

Auroville was founded in 1968 by the spiritual leader Mirra Alfassa outside Pondicherry, Southern India as a universal town where men and women of all countries could live in peace and progressive harmony above all creeds, all politics and all nationalities.

Much progress has been made over the last 50 years, including the environmental restoration of the land, and more remains to be done to develop Auroville and raise the population up towards the 50,000 inhabitants originally envisioned.

From 7 January, Auroville’s town planning and development research organisation l’Avenir and an international team led by Andreas von Zadow will facilitate a charrette to work out baselines for Auroville’s next decades and develop a Way Forward Strategy reflecting on:

  • Mother Mirra Alfassa’s vision and unlocking its potential
  • Fresh ideas for healthy and sustainable placemaking
  • Challenges of decision making within a unique self-governance concept
  • Capacity building at l‘Avenir to improve services and outputs

The charrette team includes:
Von Zadow International
JTP
Dreiseitl Consulting
Eble Messerschmidt Partner

We will follow the progress of the charrette as it happens on 2020visionsbook.com and on Twitter @20_20Visions

For more information about Auroville please visit www.auroville.org

Downloads
Auroville Charrette Flyer
Auroville Charrette Process

Report Back from Collaborative Planning in Riegel Germany

In follow up to the Breite III participatory charrettes in Riegel, Germany, which you can read about in the 2020Visions blog post by Andreas Von Zadow; a report back presentation with broadsheet was delivered to the charrette participants on 22 November 2018.  Andreas has shared the broadsheet along with the key themes as they were presented (in German) which can be viewed by following the links below. 

Presentation Broadsheet

Key Themes Insert

Collaborative Planning in Riegel “Breite III” (Germany)

Following an earlier post about the Breite III participatory charrettes in Riegel, Germany (see post here); below is a write-up from Andreas Von Zadow who shares some of the discussions with participants that took place on 12 and 13 October 2018. The article closes with a view to the next steps which includes the creation of a masterplan concept for Breite III. This will be presented back to the public on the 22 November 2018.

We have to shift from me-living to we-living if we truly want to achieve sustainable settlements! – Joachim Eble, EMP Tübingen

As an introduction to a public cooperative planning process for the 4,000 strong community of Riegel, Joachim Eble, town planner, architect and pioneer in sustainable masterplanning presented a number of European best practice projects. With his presentation he introduced a new terminology to describe an increasingly important trend in designing new, sustainable neighbourhoods: Creating conditions for We-Living, which means smaller units in collaborative housing projects, instead of continuing with ME-living, the default credo for single housing plots for young families with 2 cars, 2 motor cycles and 4 bikes each.

Many owners of those single-family houses want to sell their houses, because they are too large for them after the kids have flown the nest. On the other hand, the dwellings can easily be reused for collaborative living, with other adults or elderly people who are in the same position and would love to share their places and lives with others.

Collaborative living needs appropriate building formats suited to the new area of Riegel that is to be developed. If that happens, we can sell our houses, move with our friends and live together with them just a few streets away. Young families looking for somewhere to live could buy them without having to build their own, including their mature gardens. One of the Riegel house owners at the workshop session said,

This is a win-win-situation that would create advantages for all of us, and be a sustainable use of resources at the same time!

Participants were keen for the development area to be based on sustainable water and energy solutions. However, as architect, town planner and auditor for the German Green Building Council DGNB, Rolf Messerschmidt, pointed out:

Many things are possible, but not everything is financially affordable.

The very well attended planning weekend, facilitated by Eble Messerschmidt & Partner and VON ZADOW INTERNATIONAL, focussed mainly on housing typologies and models for compact, multifunctional living for people of all ages, that are accessible and affordable for all. They should be combined with a mix of services: health and maintenance support, small offices and co-working spaces, and of course a broad range of green environments such as leisure and children’s facilities serving not only the local inhabitants but the whole of Riegel.

So, let’s look forward to seeing the new masterplan concept for “Breite III” to be presented on 22.11.2018 in Riegel. The day after the presentation, the local support group (Unterstützerkreis), whose 25 members are nurturing this extraordinary development project, will commit backing and assistance from regional and state level as well as approaching private investors to bring this project to fruition.

Andreas Von Zadow

You can learn more about Von Zadow International on their website

Big Local fuels community-led approach to decision making in Heston West

Heston West is an ‘overlooked’ suburban neighbourhood in the Borough of Hounslow to the west of London, a stone’s throw from Heathrow Airport and it is one of the 150 areas awarded Big Local funding. 

Big Local is an exciting opportunity for residents in 150 areas in England to spend £1million or more each on making a massive difference to their communities.  Big Local, launched in 2010, is funded by the Big Lottery Fund and managed by Local Trust, a unique organisation whose aim is to support resident- and community-led solutions for creating lasting change throughout England.

In the summer of 2018 the Heston West Big Local Partnership (HWBLP) supported by the Academy of Urbanism (AoU) held two day-long Diagnostic Workshops with residents, businesses and key stakeholders. The Diagnostic Workshops, run by AoU Academicians —Biljana Savic, Charles Campion, Joanna Chambers, Anna Leggett and Hilary Satchwell — were attended by representatives from Local Trust, members of Hounslow Council’s Planning and Transport departments, several local charities, residents and young people from the Cranford Community College. Through walkabouts, discussions, illustrations and group work, they sought to understand the impact of the built environment on social and economic issues in the area, to identify potential improvement projects and initiatives, to consider how they could be funded and to build the Partnership’s engagement with local communities. This citizen-led initiative revealed several key priority proposals for the community, including the widely felt recognition that the built environment and public spaces play a pivotal role in mental health and wellbeing.

The AoU team and the HWBLP are now assessing the outcomes and working with partners and the local community to consider next steps.

Citizen participation on innovative urban expansion in Riegel, Germany

On Friday 12 and Saturday 13 October 2018 the local community are invited to a participatory Perspektivenwerkstatt (Charrette) in Riegel, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany to co-design a substantial urban expansion to the north west of the town called ‘Breite III’.

The ‘Breite III’ development is an opportunity for Riegel Council to focus on delivering new and innovative services for the entire community and to shape more communal, integrated and independent living for elderly people in the community. Existing residents are invited to be involved at an early stage, together with a ‘Support Group’ consisting of more than 20 qualified experts from the local area. The Council’s aspiration is to explore new ways for Riegel’s community to develop, and to find innovative housing concepts that will lead to positive solutions to overcome the social and demographic challenges of decades to come.

The process will be facilitated by coaching and facilitation practice Von Zadow International and architects Eble Messerschmidt Partner

Andreas von Zadow is featured in the Lübeck case study in 20/20 Visions. There he co-facilitated a seven day Community Planning Weekend with JTP to create a new vision for the streets and spaces of this world heritage city.

For more information on the ‘Breite III’ development in Riegel, visit the council homepage

Delivering Action in Your Town Centre

Chris Jones runs Chris Jones Regeneration, a values based consultancy that cares about bringing long lasting benefits for communities across Wales, the United Kingdom and beyond. Chris was project lead for the Blaenau Ffestiniog revitalisation process featured as one of the case studies in 20/20 Visions.

By Chris Jones

As you embark on a journey to revitalize your town centre or community, it’s important to be clear about where you want to go.  Understanding where you are and where you want to be, making best use of the physical assets of a place, energising people and bringing them together with a common focus is all equally important.

Developing a Vision and a Plan for a place can work on all levels – a building, street, square, large area of land, town centre or for the wider settlement.  It is also important to realise that sometimes having fuzzy boundaries is good as places don’t stop at the city limits but relate to other places whether there are workforce, transportation, employment and/or other factors that may have an influence.

A Vision for….

When a town needs a vision it is sometimes because it lacks one or it needs to remind itself about its function, identity and future opportunities.  The need to reimagine town centres is important as we’re not about “popping out to the shops” anymore but about using towns as place to do business, spend social time in and engage in arts or cultural activity.  A vision isn’t just a physical visualization of where a place wants to be, it also needs to consider its social make-up and how it can unlock economic and social opportunity, and local service delivery for a diverse and maturing population.  It also needs to reflect on the distinct environmental qualities of its place that define its history, setting and modern day identity.

A vision can also work alongside destination building, acting as a messenger for economic development, inward investment and tourism. This creates an open door for companies and investors that see the potential and who want to locate in the city or town to be part of the local business community.

Lastly and importantly, a vision needs to relate to its local community so people understand the current health of their town or place, to understand choices and how development and infrastructure can meet their needs, and how it can benefit them.

Language is therefore important so that it connects with strategic organisations and local residents, shows a sensible logic to proposed actions and sets out some ambition. Visions by their nature need to be forward looking and about horizons.  They also need to show through their accompanying plans the steps to get to the end goals, so that they build confidence and show visible benefits along the way.

Involving People

Plans will only succeed if people have been involved and have ownership.  Sadly, words like stakeholder management are creeping into regeneration these days.  Values of participation and involvement as a continuum is therefore critical to people understanding, responding and helping co-deliver future plans and action.  Communication is often over-looked when addressing who needs to have a voice in the process and how they can join the conversation, whether this be through open meetings, roadshows or roaming place workshops. Use of the web, social media and surveys are also good tools for getting people involved.

In developing plans for the regeneration of Blaenau Ffestiniog, involving local people was critical to the success of future plans.  This included creative examples of visitor journey reflections on the local steam train, town centre walkabouts, community workshops sessions using local slate as a canvass for sketching out ideas, and the use of physical models in workshops and exhibitions.

Community participation is important to mapping the physical and social capital and challenges of a town, often revealing stories and the personality of a place that aren’t written down but told by people. Local people also help us understand how they use their towns and why they don’t.  They will also tell you what will attract them back into a place, often wanting to get involved through a community organization or as a local resident.

It is equally important to involve people that have direct influence such as large and small businesses/employers, landlords, public sector bodies, educational institutions, transport providers – among others. Finally make sure young people have a chance to get involved, after all they will be adults, perhaps parents, when they start to see the plan come to fruition!

Whilst the client within the local authority may consider themselves as a leader of a visioning and place based process, they need a champion.  This needn’t just be the Council’s cabinet member. This could be a local business person, a major employer or a community organization, or could involve a series of champions that represent business, transport, learning, culture, etc.  You may want to consider somebody that is new to a town or a place and who brings a different perspective.  Equally, somebody born and bred locally would understand how the town has evolved as well as its people.

Maintaining the energy, trust and relationship beyond a plan-making process is also important as people want to see things happen and be reminded that they were a part of the initial conversation that led to action.  Remember managing change in towns and communities takes time and how you communicate progress is key to showing the value of your town’s vision and plan, and keeping people interested.

A Doing Plan

When looking for a focused approach to delivering change in town centres, masterplans tend to be favoured as they present and analyse an understanding of place, and provide a structured approach to creating a clear and consistent framework for development.  These tend to focus on:

  • suitable locations for commercial, housing and mixed-use development;
  • locations where the town or city should increase density, use redevelopment, or intervene in other ways;
  • opportunities to extend and/or improve open space, recreational areas, and civic facilities;
  • strategies from increasing or growing economic development;
  • environmental, historic and cultural resources that need conservation; and
  • strategies for solving congestion and improving transportation

Master plan-led approaches often tackle issues through a process founded on co-ordination, sharing ideas and collaboration across professional disciplines that includes matching assets with potential users.

Whilst masterplans are about physical place-led solutions they also need to understand the current behavior of users and whether enhancements and new uses can stimulate additional activity that makes towns and places that are pleasurable to live, work and enjoy.  The knitting together of masterplans with economic development and destination management needs is key as well as planning-led allocations so an integrated approach to delivering policy is achieved.

In addition to having an awareness of specific opportunities for sites and properties, sustainability should run through a masterplan as a constant check with affordability, energy efficiency, green infrastructure, biodiversity, health and well-being and good connectivity. Masterplanning should also be about raising the quality of place-led design solutions that show creativity, innovation and make statements of intent.  They should not be about window dressing and piece-meal solutions but demonstrate a real understanding of a town centre’s built assets, its distinctiveness and identify where new interventions can add to the form and activity.

Design should be about recognition of a town’s distinctiveness and should also show opportunities for making statements that take a community forward.  Design codes should therefore cover key strategic sites, a group of buildings or key streets and can be adopted by the local planning authority as supplementary planning guidance. They should also be about ‘talking-up’ a place through a plan-led prospectus that identifies the unique selling points of a place, proposed infrastructure enhancements and how investors can complement a place.

Some examples of where towns have used digital medium to show their visions and plans can be found further away in Warringah, New South Wales, Australia.  These short films help visualise issues, opportunities and show to the local community and future investors the way that visions and masterplans are going to be delivered.

Research undertaken for the North East branch of the Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI) identifies that: where masterplans tend to work they have either met or exceeded the brief, complied with policy, undertaken a sound and thorough approach, responded to constraints, proposed efficient infrastructure, suggested viable components and set out a framework for positive inter relationships. Town centre visions and masterplans can also help provide a business case for funding and grants – often at a programme level – or can support individual sites and buildings. This could be through Government programmes, Heritage Lottery Funding, transport grants and to shape capital programmes.

Working for Isle of Anglesey County Council in Holyhead, we helped develop a Vision and Masterplan document which led to securing Heritage Lottery funding and Vibrant and Viable Places funding from Welsh Government.  If you want to find out about best practice advice for masterplanning, guidance can be found in England and Scotland.

In addition to masterplans, Neighbourhood Plans and Place Plans are also about realising economic, environmental and social ambitions for a place that are informed, logical and delivered through a partnership approach.  In England, the Government’s 2012 Localism Act provided powers to produce Neighbourhood Plans which help shape development in terms of location and what it will look like for uses such as housing and employment.  The development of Neighbourhood Plans is through strong community engagement as debates focus on how best to provide for new housing and employment and to understand the implications for local services in line with future growth.  Plans that have been held up as best practice include Thame in Oxfordshire, which was awarded the 2013 RTPI award for Innovative Plan Making.

This approach to neighbourhood planning is fairly new in Wales with Place Plans now forming part of the Planning Wales Act 2015.  Abergele in Conwy County Borough, North Wales is an example of where a Place Plan process has been undertaken.  The Design Commission for Wales has also invested in a toolkit “shape my town” which provides a step by step guide to assessing the quality of their place, town, village or neighbourhood before investing time and money in improving it.  Other Welsh Councils such as Monmouthshire County Council have adopted a service delivery focus to places with their whole place planning approach.  This is an initiative that looks at how a whole area approach to public services can lead to better services at less cost.

Are We There Yet?

Often overlooked is the need to monitor and understand the impacts of a town centre vision and masterplan.  Establishing a strategic headline level of indicators is important as well as local street level ways of measurement.  Away from statistics, citizen panels, e-zines, social media updates and vox pops through audio and video, annual reports help communicate progress to the wider community as well as local people communicating how they feel.  The mid Wales market town of Llandrindod Wells has recently launched an annual report for its economic action plan for the town in the form of a short film on its activity to date.

Key Pointers

Some of the main tips when considering a vision or plan for your place or town centre include:

  • Understand why you need a vision and a plan and whether it has a specific focus
  • Identify who needs to be involved, how to communicate with your community and find champions that will promote the opportunity
  • Find ways of understanding your place or town centre and not just through physical analysis
  • Look at what types of activity can be unlocked through physical development and improvement
  • Have a timeline that allows for ambition and making progress on small wins and longer term goals
  • Think of your audience – your local community and also people that want to invest – what are you unique selling points?
  • Build in monitoring and establish some outcomes that are realistic and show holistic as well as project related